What is Dharma?|What is Secularism?|Watch Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta video|Arun Shourie reveals secrets of CONgress|
Why is 'secular' Government of India controling operations of Hindu temples but not Mosques and Churches?|Skeletons in CONgress's closet

Saturday, August 23, 2008

Jawahar Lal Nehru: Blunder of a century

Spread The Word












In 1954, Jawahar Lal Nehru got angry and misbehaved during a CONgress meet when someone disagreed with him.






Nehru lighting a cigarette for the then British High Commissioner's wife

Jawahar Lal Nehru hugging Edwina Mountbatten

Nehru with US President John F Kennedy's wife Jacqueline 'Jacqui' Kennedy. At your service Madame!


There is a rule Gandhis follow. It is called "Rules are for others". Chacha Nehru explains with this pic. Image courtesy: india_review

Nehru being thrashed by angry people after 1962 China war debacle.
Nehru wanted to scuttle Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel's Operation Polo plan to annex Hyderabad for united India. Imagine if Nehru had succeeded in his nefarious stupid interference then we would have had another Kashmir like situation in India.
Unemployment, corruption, inflation, poverty, and crime has increased and Rupee ₹ has devalued, whenever Jawaharlal Nehru and fake Gandhi dynasty (Indira Gandhi, Rajiv Gandhi, Sonia Gandhi, Rahul Gandhi, Priyanka Gandhi, Robert Vadra) led corrupt communal CONgress has come into power and misruled India.
Protected by Copyscape Online Plagiarism Finder
You may quote an excerpt from this article/post but please do put a reference.

I was recently in a debate with an acquaintance of mine on the current political environment in Bharat (misnomer: India) after we all saw in full awe and shame on international media the show of communal speeches and corruption inside the Parliament and outside it by the elected members. Communal speeches such as by Omar Abdullah, son of Farooq Abdullah, who thumped his chest on the floor of Parliament and shouted we (Muslims) will not give an inch of land to the Hindus for lodging during Shri Amarnath ji Yatra pilgrimage. While I was talking about the unprecedented display of corruption by Congress and SP in their cash-for-votes scam and communal bias by the same party's govt. in suppression of freedom of speech and press in Jammu to suppress people's non-cooperation movement. My acquaintance was bent on proving that everything is hunky-dory in the country and that Bharat is on the path set by whom he calls the "great" "Chacha" "Pandit" Nehru.

While I don't agree with his former assessment that everything is hunky-dory in country but I totally agree with the latter part of it that Bharat is on the path set by Nehru. That is when I asked him the following to make sure if we are talking about the same Nehru.

Isn't it the same Nehru who did 1962 blunder? Isn't it the same Nehru who made a communal statement that I am Muslim by heart and Hindu by accident? Isn't it the same Nehru who in 1955 relinquished Bharat's UNSC seat to China to kiss their a*s, who in turn gave Bharat a finger in form of 1962 war? Isn't it the same Nehru who despite of many opposition blindly took Bharat down the path of Made-In-USSR-Only Socialism and closed market economy full of red tapism and no competition and made Bharat almost bankrupt in long term? Popularly termed as "The Nehruvian Penalty: 50 wasted years" by Rajeev Srinivasan in an article. Thank god for the then visionary Prime Minister PV Narsimha Rao who guided the then Finance Minister Manmohan Singh in 1990-1991 and saved Bharat through some economic reforms. Pity that Manmohan Singh has not shown that vision and commitment in the past 4 1/2 years as Prime Minister of Bharat.

Isn't it the same Nehru who pressured "the real" Gandhi ji for partition? Isn't it the same "lawyer by profession" Nehru who jumped in for PM post bypassing the more deserving Sardar Patel ji? Isn't it the same Nehru who let Pakistan and China take a chunk of Bharat away and said its OK, we don't want no conflict, we will solve it later? Height of indecisiveness! Isn't it the same Nehru who gave up Tibet knowingly that there will be Human Rights violations under Chinese control and it is the only natural buffer between us and them? Also, knowingly that it has the holiest of Hindu sites there, Shri Kailash Mansarovar. But he dun't care cause he was sorry and ashamed to be a Hindu. Isn't it the same Nehru who laid the foundation of Nepotist monarchy in disguise of democracy by passing the throne to Indira Feroz Ghandi and so on? Isn't it the same Nehru who endorsed parallel court system with a separate Islamic Sharia Muslim personal law and court system for Bhartiya Muslims? A slap in the face of democracy and justice system as Muslims hold their Sharia court decisions above the Supreme Court of Bharat. Isn't it the same Nehru who enacted laws to give Haj subsidies to Muslims but no such subsidies to any pilgrim of any other religion? What kind of secularism is this?

One of the worst of all decisions is this one. Isn't it the same Nehru who doctored our rich history, and gave more importance and propagated British and West-is-the-best legacy, ideology, and English as main language instead of any of the Bharatiya (misnomer: Indian) language? The first thing Israel and other countries did when they got independence was to create an university with Hebrew, etc. resp. as their official language. The first thing Nehru did was to declare Samskrtam (Sanskrit) as dead language. He gave his "tryst with destiny" speech in English for god sakes. Like average Bharatiya population in those times could understand what he was saying. Ignorant jerk!

Isn't it the same congress which hasn't made any proper infrastructure around Bharat in 55 years? It was Vajpayee ji who started Golden Quadrilateral Highways which by the way have been slowed down to almost Shunya in most of the states under the current govt. And what did egomaniacal congress do, they spend the money kept aside to plant trees on both sides of these highways to remove Mr. Vajpayee's name and picture from "Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee Golden Quadrilateral Highways" boards on the highway. Why? Are only Nehru-Ghandi family tree allowed to have all the projects, airports, and now even IIMs are named after them? Now you (my acquaintance) will cry and say BJP stole this too. BJP started the world class Delhi Metro, something every Indraprasth citizen is proud of. Now you (my acquaintance) will cry and say BJP stole this too.

The pet project NREGA of dictator Lady Bountiful has been implemented best in non-Congress and non-Left states particularly in BJP states. Now you (my acquaintance) will cry that because they (BJP) are in State govt., so they are taking the credit. What about their (Congress, UPA, et al) own (mis)ruled states? Congress has not answered where are those रु. 65000 crores of loan waiver going to come from. Obviously from the pocket of 3% of Bharatvaasi (misnomer: Indian) who pay taxes. What a precedence they have set!! We will not create infrastructure and environment for you to grow. But you don't worry, feel free to default the loans as we can't stop you from suiciding say by bringing reforms, so we will just waive it off. Because there are people like my acquaintance who "trust" us blindly and love to point fingers at others. Way to go, like I said, the grand old tradition of Nehru-Ghandi family, "If you can't claim it, blaim it on others". Nehru, the leader, yeah right. More of Nehru, the blunder. Just google "Hindi Chini Bhai Bhai", you will learn more about this bloomer.

My acquaintance replied: "Yeah, we are talking about the same Nehru."

॥सत्यमेव जयते नानृतं॥ (Truth Alone Triumphs, not falsehood) - Mundak Upanishad 3.1.6

References:

  1. Nehru's hate and ignorance for Sanatan Dharm (Hindu)

    • Violation of Hindu Human Rights − Need for a Hindu nation − III, by V Sundaram (Retd. IAS Officer)
      Tragically for the Hindu Nation, Jawaharlal Nehru shamelessly declared: 'To talk of Hindu culture would injure India's interests. By education I am an Englishman, by views an internationalist, by culture a Muslim, and I am a Hindu only by accident of birth…. The ideology of Hindu Dharma is completely out of tune with the present times and if it took root in India, it would smash the country to pieces'. Nehru dismissed the Hindus of India as a mere religious community without any cultural traditions going back to the dawn of history. Thus Nehru had total contempt for Hindu religion, for Hindu culture, for Hindu society and above all for the average Hindu.

    • Violation of Hindu Human Rights − Need for a Hindu nation − I, by V Sundaram (Retd. IAS Officer)

    • Violation of Hindu Human Rights − Need for a Hindu nation − IV, by V Sundaram (Retd. IAS Officer)

    • Cry for a Hindu Nation, by V Sundaram (Retd. IAS Officer)

    • I am Hindu by accident by Raghav on November 28, 2007

    • Still think Pandit?

    • Still think Pandit?

    • Let us now praise famous men Part 1 by Rajeev Srinivasan on September 16, 1999

    • Nehru: India's last English PM!, by D P Sinha, The Observer on November 12 1997
      In a passing moment of emotional weakness, Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of Independent India, shared a deep secret with the then American diplomat John Galbraith, who said: "It did not especially surprise me, when once in a relaxed' moment he (Nehru) said - well, you know I am the last Englishman to rule in India".

      To believe this is difficult. Is it possible that India's first Prime Minister, a man who defiantly challenged the British rule, belligerently criticised its policies and went to jail again and again, could claim to be an Englishmen? And that, too, with an unmistakable stamp of pride. An irony indeed!

      But Jawaharlal Nehru did not conceive of independent India's new fledged government as an insurrectionary government with all its inherent potential.

      The anti-Hindu policy is another heirloom from the white rulers which the Nehru government wholeheartedly followed.

      In August 1947, Dr Rajendra Prasad, who was the chairman of the Constituent Assembly wrote to Nehru about cow slaughter and the fact that a majority of Hindu sentiments run high against the cow slaughter.

      Jawaharlal Nehru responded that he is well aware of the Hindu sentimentality and, yet he would much rather resign from the prime ministerial position than bow before it.

      The man who can derive pleasure from the weakening and fragmenting of the Hindu society can hardly be a Hindu himself. Disclaiming his Hindu identity, Nehru declared that by education he was an Englishman, by culture a Muslim and by accident of birth, a Hindu. It is a mere throw of the dice that he was born to a Hindu couple, otherwise he had no undertaking with the Hindus.

      Albeit, it is a different matter that to remain the beloved Prime Minister of a Hindu majority electorate, Nehru stuck to his Brahmanical title 'Pandit' pretty much in the same way as he stuck to the Gandhi cap on his bald head: Both lending him validity and at the same time functioning as tools to hoodwink Hindu masses. It was the same exigency that compelled him to accept anti-cow slaughter as one of the Directive Principles of our Constitution.

    • Do You Know Your Sonia? by Dr. Subramanian Swamy

    • Know Sonia Gandhi

  2. The Blunder of Nehru by Claude Arpi on June 16, 2004

  3. Nehru's jump to the post of Prime Minister bypassing the more deserving Iron Man of Bharat Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel ji

  4. TWO MISSED OPPORTUNITIES, SIX DISASTROUS CONSEQUENCES by Mr. Lal Krishna Advani, ex-deputy Prime Minister of India on 26 June 2011
    A martyr is one who sacrifices his or her life on the battlefield fighting against an enemy nation. But Dr. Mookerjee became a martyr while fighting a government in our own country. His fight was for the full integration of Jammu & Kashmir with the Indian Union. He was a visionary who had foreseen the consequences of placing Jammu & Kashmir, a strategically located state, in a separate and tenuous Constitutional relationship with the rest of India.

    Sadly, neither the government of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru in New Delhi nor the government of Shaikh Abdullah in Srinagar believed that Jammu & Kashmir needed to be fully integrated into the Indian Union.

    In the case of Shaikh Abdullah, the problem was his ambition to become the unquestioned leader of a virtually independent Kashmir. In the case of Nehruji, it was a matter of lack of courage, firmness and foresight.

    Article 370 in the Indian Constitution, which Pandit Nehru himself had declared to be a “temporary provision”, has still not been abrogated. As a result, secessionist forces in Kashmir, aided and instigated by the anti-India establishment in Pakistan, continue to feel emboldened to carry out their poisonous propaganda that J&K’s accession to India is not final and that Kashmir, in particular, is not a part of India.

    Our country has paid an incalculable price for Nehruji’s failure to settle the Kashmir issue once and for all in India’s favour at the time of Partition. Nehruji’s blunder was totally avoidable. After all, Home Minister Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was successful in securing the integration of all the other princely states — 561 of them — into the Indian Union. When a few of them dithered, or dared to express their intention to join Pakistan, Patel used the might of the newly independent Indian State to show them their place. For example, the armed resistance of the Nizam of Hyderabad was crushed with a heavy hand. The ruler of Junagadh fled away to Pakistan .

    Jammu & Kashmir was the only princely state whose accession was being handled directly by Prime Minister Nehru. In fact, Pakistan’s first war against India in 1947 to capture Kashmir through force and subterfuge had given Nehruji’s government an excellent opportunity not only to fully beat back the invaders but also to resolve the Kashmir issue with Pakistan once and for all.

    India frittered away a second big opportunity to settle the Kashmir issue once and for all in the 1971 India-Pak war, in which Pakistan was not only roundly defeated but India had as many as 90,000 Pakistani PoWs.

    Hence, our countrymen should know that the Kashmir problem is Nehru family’s special ‘gift’ to the nation.

    The consequences of this ‘gift’ are:
    1. Pakistan’s export of cross-border terrorism first into Kashmir, and later into other parts of India.
    2. Pakistan’s export of religious extremism into Kashmir, which has subsequently spread to other parts of India.
    3. Thousands of lives of our security personnel and civilians.
    4. Tens of thousands of crores of rupees spent on military and paramilitary defense.
    5. An opportunity for external powers to fish in the troubled waters of India-Pakistan relations.
    6. Almost the entire population of Kashmiri Pandits having been driven out of their own homeland and become refugees or “internally displaced” people in their own motherland.

    Dr. Mookerjee had foreseen that placing Jammu & Kashmir on a separate and unsound Constitutional footing would have disastrous consequences. But he not only envisioned J&K’s full integration with India, but, as a brave and lion-hearted patriot, he transformed his vision into his personal mission.

    He set out to implement his mission on three terrains – political, parliamentary and on-the-ground in Kashmir.

    Firstly, in October 1951, he founded the Bharatiya Jana Sangh, as a truly nationalist alternative to the Congress. Apart from struggling for Kashmir’s full integration with India, the agenda of the Jana Sangh extended to rebuilding the newly independent India in a manner that ensured prosperity, justice, security and welfare for all its citizens without any kind of discrimination on grounds of religion, caste, language, etc.

    Secondly, after the Jana Sangh made a debut in the first general elections in 1952, Dr. Mookerjee emerged as the de-facto Leader of the Opposition in the Lok Sabha. Here he stoutly opposed the Congress government’s policy towards J&K, which, among other things, meant that no one, including the President and the Prime Minister of India could enter into Kashmir without the permission of Kashmir’s “Prime Minister”. Kashmir would have its own Constitution, its own President (Sadar–e-Riyasat) and Prime Minister and its own Flag! In protest, Dr. Mookerjee thundered: “Ek desh mein do Vidhan, do Pradhan and Do Nishan nahin challenge”.

    Thirdly, Dr. Mookerjee announced in 1953 that he would visit Kashmir without seeking a permit. On May 11, while crossing the border into Kashmir, he was arrested and held as a detenu in Srinagar. He was not provided proper medical assistance when his health deteriorated and, on June 23, he died under mysterious circumstances.

    Dr. Mookerjee’s sacrifice had immediate consequences.

    The permit system was scrapped, and the National Tricolour started flying in the State.

    In course of time, the authority of the Rashtrapati, the Supreme Court, the Election Commission and the C.A.G. was extended to J& K. State.

    When in the name of giving autonomy to J&K state, some people talk of restoring the pre-1953 position, the implications must be understood. The people of India are not going to allow the gains to the nation secured by Dr. Syama Prasad’s martyrdom to be undone under any circumstances

    It is a shame that the history of Dr. Mookerjee’s martyrdom for the cause of India’s unity and integrity is not taught to our students in schools and colleges.

    Our education system and the government-controlled mass media glorifies the contribution of the Nehru family, but deliberately underplays or blacks out the struggles and sacrifices of other patriots, such as Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, Sardar Patel, Gopinath Bordoloi, Rammanohar Lohia, Jayaprakash Narayan, Hiren Mukherjee, A.K. Gopalan and, of course, Dr. Mookerjee.

    ***

    There was a time when the Congress was a broad platform that accommodated patriots of all hues. Indeed, it was at the behest of Mahatma Gandhi, that Dr. Mookerjee, who then belonged to the Hindu Maha Sabha, and Dr. B.R. Ambedkar who had been a bitter critic of the Congress Party were included in Pandit Nehru’s first Cabinet after Independence.

    Sadly, the Congress today has become the fiefdom of a single family. The office of Prime Minister is reserved either for the nominee or a member of the Nehru family. India is paying a heavy price because of a Prime Minister nominated by the Congress president.

    And now the demand has arisen from within the Congress Party that a scion of the Nehru family should take over the Prime Ministership.

    Our country cannot afford continuation of the misrule that UPA represents. Prime Ministership of a great democracy like India should not be allowed to become the jagirdari of a family.

  5. Mr Straw, do you know who created the Kashmir mess? by Claude Arpi on May 28, 2002


  6. The Nehruvian Penalty: 50 wasted years by Rajeev Srinivasan on January 14, 2004


  7. U.N. Security Council Seat: China Outsmarts India by Sreeram Chaulia, Indo-Asian News Service on May 30, 2008


  8. India's Security Council Bid a Long Haul by Ranjit Devraj on September 27, 2004
    China managed a seat in the Security Council only because India, when invited to join the Security Council in 1955, declined in favor of its bigger neighbor.

    "The first step to be taken is for China to take her rightful place, and then the question of India might be discussed separately," India's then prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru wrote in a letter to the country's top political leaders – explaining why he supported Beijing.


  9. Nehru's Tibet policies

  10. Nehru's prejudice policies towards Kailash Mansarovar

    • It was as if India did not exist by Claude Arpi (French-born author and journalist who lives in Auroville, India. He has authored several books like The Fate of Tibet, India and her neighbourhood, and Born in Sin: The Panchsheel Agreement) and Ramananda Sengupta on Jun 30,2008
      Ramananda Sengupta: While researching for it, did you stumble across anything which made you look at issues differently from how you used to?

      Claude Arpi: When I started my research, I soon discovered that the Indian Archives were closed to the Indian public. The Government has confiscated the modern history of India. This still upsets me very much. Very few in India seem to care about the fact that the Nehru Papers are locked in almirahs in the Jawaharlal Nehru Memorial Fund and permission to view these State documents has to be begged for from the ruling family. It is probably the only nation in the world where such nonsense can continue unchallenged.

      Ramananda Sengupta: Can India afford to take a tough negotiating position with China on the Tibet issue?

      Claude Arpi: India first has to be tough to defend her own interests. Once she does this, her position vis-Ã -vis Tibet will automatically be clearer. Nehru purposefully decided to keep the Indian position 'vague', to not upset China, with the result that there is a border issue pending for the last 50 years. In my book (I quote from a Press Conference of Nehru in 1949) in two sentences, he used the word 'vague' five times to define India's position vis-Ã -vis Tibet, while he knew perfectly well that Tibet was an independent nation. Today we are still reaping the consequences of this original sin, look at what is happening in Arunachal or Sikkim. When Nehru finally woke up, (October 1962), it was too late.

      Ramananda Sengupta: The title says 'Lost Frontier'. Are you referring to the notion of it being a buffer state against China for India, or something more?

      Claude Arpi: The 'lost frontier' is India's frontier. For 2000 years, people, monks, pandits, yogis, pilgrims, traders circulated freely between the sub-continent and the Tibetan plateau. Pilgrims would visit Kailash-Mansarovar through the Ladakh road without any hindrance. There was even an Indian principality called Minsar at the bottom of the Kailash. With the invasion of Tibet in 1950, India lost a peaceful frontier. India lost a friendly neighbour. The frontier became a 'disputed' border. This is the tragedy. All because 'frontier' or 'buffer' had a 'colonialist' connotation according to Nehru; he did not want to be seen as an imperialist and hence did not intervene in 1950. Mao had no such scruples when he 'liberated' Tibet.

    • Amarnath imbroglio: Should the Himalayas be de-Sanskritized? by Shashi Shekhar Toshkhani on July 30, 2008
      This concept of Amriteshwara Shiva is unique to Kashmir Shaivism, but strikes a chord of deep devotion in every Hindu heart. But for the fanatics who want to impose on Kashmir an exclusivist Islamic order, this is an anathema. Politically, this is a corollary to the demand to retain the current Muslim-majority character of Kashmir ; a point on which all political parties in the Valley, Peoples Democratic Party, National Conference and even Congress, are one. This was why Sheikh Abdullah arm-twisted Jawaharlal Nehru to include Article 370 in the Constitution.

      From Kailash Mansarovar to Panchakedars to Amarnath, Shiva reigns supreme in the whole inner Himalayan region as the most beloved deity, with Devi dominating the outer Himalayas from Kamakhya in Assam to Vaishnodevi in Jammu . Hindus have already lost Kailash to the Chinese because of Mr. Nehru’s ill-conceived foreign policy. Will they now allow Amarnath to be lost to the Islamists? If that happens the whole of the Indian Himalayas will be de-Sanskritized and literally become Hindukush (“Hindu-killer”). History is calling upon us to decide if we will let that happen.

  11. Nehru disregard for Bharatiya (misnomer: Indian) languages

    • Let us now praise famous men Part 2 by Rajeev Srinivasan on September 17, 1999

    • Nehru: India's last English PM!, by D P Sinha, The Observer on November 12 1997
      Two questions can be asked here. First, that if Nehru was such an ardent fan of the British life-style, why did he, in the first place, participate in a movement against the British? Secondly, what made him such a British enthusiast?

      Jawaharlal Nehru was an ambitious father's ultra ambitious son. He had a dream. A dream of leading an independent India as its very first Prime Minister. To make his dreams a reality Nehru did what was the need of the hour. He opposed the British rule, even went to jail.

      Yet throughout all this, at a deep, more personal level, Nehru continued to experience a humbling respect and love for the British culture. Upon analysis of Jawaharlal Nehru's behaviour it is clear that to him there was no apparent conflict between love for all things English and an active struggle against the English.

      For a deeper understanding we need to go back further. In the early years of 19th century, in East India Company, there was a debate on the education policy for Indians.

      While some believed that Indians should be formally instructed in their native language of Sanskrit and Persian, the public instructions committee headed by Lord Macaulay recommended that Indians should be taught in the western traditions and the medium of instruction should be English.

      Macaulay wrote that the aim of English education is "to create a class who would act as interpreters between us and the millions we govern, a class of Indians in blood and colour, but English in taste, in opinions, in morals and in intellect".

      East India Company adopted Macaulay's suggestions and teaching in English language began in India.

      Merely hundred years later, India was abound with 'black British' who were only by 'blood and colour' Indians.

      Apart from their 'blood and colour' nothing in them remained Indian.

      No wonder this breed of Indians feel such pride in calling themselves 'English'.

  12. Nehru and Nepotism

  13. Nehru's past and Relationships

  14. Nehru's definition of Secularism

  15. Nehru fanned Separatist and Secessionist outlook

  16. Corruption: All in the name of the Nehru Gandhi Family, by A. Surya Prakash
    Most of the central and state government programmes and schemes and national and state-level institutions which run on public money have been named after three members of the Nehru-Gandhi family. The Congress Party’s desire to credit every social sector programme, every national institution and every national achievement to these three individuals -Rajiv Gandhi, Indira Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru – has reached vulgar proportions, specially after the Congress-led UPA came to power in 2004.

  17. Decision to remove Vajpayee's photographs criticised by Special Correspondent, Hindu on July 27, 2004
    The Bharatiya Janata Party general secretary, Arun Jaitley, has strongly disapproved of the Government's reported move to remove all photographs of former the Prime Minister, Atal Bihari Vajpayee, from the sky boards on national highways being built under the National Highways Development Project.

    "This is part of a series of actions taken by the United Progressive Alliance Government that smacks of arrogance and intolerance," Mr. Jaitley said, adding that this was "another bad precedence for the future," the first being the sacking of Governors appointed by the previous regime. Such an attitude would also encourage future governments to remove names and photographs of leaders of rival parties from various hoardings and signboards.

    The BJP sees the removal of Mr. Vajpayee's photographs as yet another signal that the Government is deliberately provoking the Opposition and is on "a confrontationist path."

    Mr. Jaitley said that it was not right to replace Mr. Vajpayee's photographs with that of the Prime Minister, Manmohan Singh, and then, at a future date, some new government might again change them.

  18. Needed: photos of Sonia, PM every 25 km of national highway by Gunjan Pradhan Sinha
  19. The National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) has floated a proposal to erect billboards with pictures of Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and Congress president Sonia Gandhi every 25 km on all National Highways under it.

    The 20x10-ft boards will carry a picture of the two leaders on both sides of the road — clearly a move to highlight the UPA effort in pushing the National Highways Development Programme (NHDP).

    The double-side boards are expected to cost roughly Rs 4 lakh each, according to industry estimates. In case of projects involving four-laning of say 1,000 km, the developer will have to pay Rs 1.6 crore for setting up 40 such boards. During the concession period of 20 or 30 years as fixed under the contract, the onus of maintaining these boards will be on the private developer.

  20. Kamraj vs Gandhi Dynasty by Premendra Agrawal

  21. India’s Political Amnesia and The Nehru – Gandhi Clan’s Incompetence by Chakra News


Protected by Copyscape Online Plagiarism Finder

You may quote an excerpt from this article/post but please do put a reference.

No comments: